Antimicrobial Resistance

Epidemiology and Informatics
Public Health

What would you like to do?

What you need to know

​What is Antimicrobial Resistance?

Antimicrobial resistance results when bacteria or other microorganisms become able to resist the killing activity of antimicrobials. Microorganisms become resistant due to excess use of antimicrobials. Use antimicrobials only for conditions where there is evidence that antibiotics are effective. Avoid them for conditions where they do not help, such as the common cold.

What is Multi-Drug Antimicrobial Resistance?

Multi-drug resistant organisms or MDROs are bacteria that can resist several kinds of antibiotics. MDROs are harder to treat. Examples of MDROs include:

  • MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
  • Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE)
  • Vancomycin intermediate or resistant S. aureus (VISA or VRSA)
  • Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE)
  • CRPA (Carbapenem Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and CRAB (Carbapenem Resistant Acinetobacter baumanii)
  • Candida auris.

What is the Nebraska HAI Program Doing to Decrease Antimicrobial Resistance?

What Can I Do to Reduce Resistance to Antimicrobials?

  • Wash your hands. Hand washing is the simplest but most effective way of reducing spread of resistant bacteria.
  • Ask your prescriber if you need antibiotics. Do not insist on antibiotics if he or she does not recommend them.
  • Take antibiotics for as long as your prescriber said. Do not stop without notifying your prescriber. This way, any leftover resistant bacteria will not have a chance to develop.

Additional Information