Newborn Screening is done for every baby born in Nebraska. A set of blood tests are done to find conditions that could be harmful to your child.
If a baby has one of these conditions and it is not found early, a baby could have seizures, physical disabilities, developmental disabilities, chronic illness, or may die.
Blood tests are needed to help find the conditions so treatment can begin early and prevent these effects.
The screening tests are very efficient and give newborns the best chance to have the conditions found early. The tests are not diagnostic. They are a "screen" to find newborns that need more testing to see if they have certain conditions. However, like most lab tests, they cannot guarantee that every affected newborn will be identified, or that only newborns at higher risk of being affected will be found. There will be some "false positives" (newborns with a positive or abnormal screen result who are later found to have normal results), and there might be "false negatives" (affected newborns whose screening test results did not suggest a condition).