Libraries DocumentsImagesPages Home Programs Education and Resources Data and Reports Emerging Issues Social Marketing Women's Health Advisory Council Contact Us Emerging IssuesWomen's Health Initiatives researches, monitors and reports on emerging trends in women's health. The following selections are brief summaries of trending health issues, including: health screening schedules, stroke risk factors, drug abuse, birth rates and mandated preventative screening services for women. 2018 TrendsImproving Birth Outcomes for Nebraska BabiesSexual Assault and Domestic Violence in NebraskaNebraska Women's Health StatisticsRevised Mammography Recommendations Women ages 40-49: No requirement for routine mammography; patient should consult physician. Women ages 50-74, every 2 years. SOURCE:U.S Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Revised Pap Smear Recommendations Women ages 21-29: Pap smear (cytology) every 3 years Women ages 21-65, Pap smear (cytology) every 3 years, or Pap smear (cytology) with HPV co-testing every 5 years. SOURCE:U.S Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Updated Stroke Risk Factors for Women High blood pressure (High BP before pregnancy, preeclampsia) Migraine Headache with aura Smokers Over 75 years old with atrial fibrillation DiabetesSOURCE:American Heart Association /American Stroke Association Drug Use/Abuse Trends Currently, over 4 million women in the U.S. use drugs. Nine million women have used illegal drugs in the past year and 3.7 million women have used prescription drugs for nonmedical reason this past year. Over 28,000 (70%) of AIDS cases in women are drug related (direct drug use or sexual contact with someone who uses drugs). At least 70% of women who use drugs have been sexually abused by the age of 16 and many of these women had at least one parent that abused drugs. SOURCE:National Institute on Drug Abuse Drug overdose death rates in the U.S. have more than tripled since 1990. In 2008 more than 36,000 people died from drug overdoses and most of these were caused by prescription drugs. Nearly 75% prescription drug overdoses are caused by prescription painkillers (opiods). About 50% of prescription painkillers deaths involve at least one other drug including benzodiazepines, cocaine, and heroin and alcohol.SOURCE:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention WHI Home Documents in PDF format require the use of Adobe Acrobat Reader, which can be downloaded for free from Adobe Systems, Inc.