E-cigarettes are one of an array of devices that can deliver nicotine. Other devices include vape pens, e-hookahs, hookah pens, e-cigars, and more. Tank systems are generally larger e-cigarettes that can hold more solution and are oftentimes heated to a higher temperature.
The sky’s the limit in terms of cartridge flavors … with fruit and liqueur flavors common and even seasonal flavors available. The cartridges come in a variety of nicotine strengths ranging from zero to 24 mg and can be the equivalent of several traditional cigarettes.
It’s important to be aware that the fatal dose of nicotine in adults is estimated at 30–60 mg; for children it’s estimated at only 10 mg. Poisoning related to the nicotine in e-cigarette solutions can occur by ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through the skin.
Read more about the health risks associated with e-cigarettes in this infographic
from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
In 2013, the Nebraska Regional Poison Center
received 52 calls on e-cigarettes – up from 5 in 2012. Many of the calls were related to children under 5-years-old. Young children have been known to drink e-cigarette solutions – especially those with fruity or candy flavors and aromas. As a result, it’s vital to keep cartridges away from young children. The toxic effects of nicotine range from vomiting, nausea, lethargy, gagging, and a pale or flushed appearance to depressed respiration, cardiac arrhythmia, and convulsions.
Many manufacturers and marketers claim that e-cigarettes contain none of the harmful additives found in traditional cigarettes. Yet they do contain nicotine which is highly addictive and the drug that makes it so difficult to quit using conventional tobacco products. LEARN MORE about nicotine.
It’s also worth noting that tank systems – that use higher voltages to heat solutions to higher temperatures – can produce vapors with levels of formaldehyde similar to the levels reported in tobacco smoke. Formaldehyde is used to preserve dead bodies, wood and fabric.to learn more about nicotine. It’s also worth noting that tank systems – that use higher voltages to heat solutions to higher temperatures – can produce vapors with levels of formaldehyde similar to the levels reported in tobacco smoke. Formaldehyde is used to preserve dead bodies, wood and fabric.
Many claim that e-cigarettes can help you quit traditional cigarette smoking altogether. However, there is no conclusive scientific evidence that e-cigarettes promote successful long-term quitting.
The flavors and novelty of e-cigarettes may also be popular with children and teens, encouraging them to take up smoking. In fact, recent findings from the National Youth Tobacco Survey
showed that the percentage of middle and high school students who reported ever using an e-cigarette doubled in just one year – from 2011 to 2012. Altogether in 2012, more than 1.78 million middle and high school students nationwide had tried e-cigarettes.
E-cigarettes are not yet regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). As a result, product design, availability and use vary widely. However, in April 2014, a proposed rule was issued to extend the FDA’s authority to cover additional products that meet the legal definition of a tobacco product, including e-cigarettes. Once the rule goes into effect, e-cigarettes will be subject to regulatory oversight that – among other things – will stop the unsubstantiated claims that some e-cigarette manufacturers and marketers make.