Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

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Sleep-Associated Death Risk Factors

Sleep-Associated Death
Risk Factors

Total

(%)

Age-inappropriate sleep surface

27

50.9%

Pre- or post-natal smoke exposure

25

47.2%

Bed-sharing

24

45.3%

Found on side or stomach

23

43.4%

Current / recent respiratory infection

22

41.5%

Put to sleep on side or stomach

14

26.4%

Bedding-related issues

7

13.2%

Furniture-related issues

1

1.9%

No known risk factors

4

7.5%

Definitions for above Risk Factors

  • Age inappropriate sleep surface - One half of infants were sleeping in or on something other than a safety-approved crib, playpen or baby bed.
  • Pre- or post natal smoke exposure – close to one half of infants had documented exposure to tobacco smoke either while mom was pregnant or after infant was born.
  • Bed sharing – At the time of death, close to half of infants were sleeping with an adult or other child.
  • Found on side or stomach – At time of death, over 40% of infants were positioned on his/her side or stomach.
  • Current/recent respiratory infection – Over 40 % of infants were reported to have a current or recent (within the past 2 weeks) respiratory infection. Respiratory infection is a likely contributor to impaired breathing.
  • Put to sleep on side or stomach - Only 57% of infants were reported to have been found on their backs.
  • Bedding-related issues include: blankets and/or sheets found over the infant’s head or around their mouth or nose, stuffed animals in the bed, or having been placed on a pillow etc.
  • Furniture related issues include: infant’s head was found wedged between the mattress and a broken crib frame, or wedged between an adult bed mattress and a wall.

For More Information Contact:
Tina Goodwin, RN
Perinatal, Child and Adolescent Health
PO Box 95026
Lincoln, Nebraska 68509-5026

Phone: (402) 471-0165
Fax: (402) 471-7049
email: tina.goodwin@nebraska.gov


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