Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Go to the SIDS Homepage 

Babies at Risk for SIDS

While exact causes of SIDS remain unknown, the risks associated with SIDS now are more clearly understood.  Understanding who is at greatest risk for SIDS and what behaviors increase the possibility of SIDS helps guide awareness, education, and training efforts to reduce the risks. 

 

CURRENT AVAILABLE RESEARCH (1) SHOWS THE FOLLOWING GROUPS ARE AT
INCREASED RISK FOR SIDS:

  • African Americans are at 2 times greater risk, compared to the National Average (1).
  • American Indians are at more than 1.3 times greater risk, compared to the National Average (2). 

No Smoking around babyTHE FOLLOWING BEHAVIORS ARE ALSO ASSOCIATED WITH AN INCREASED RISH FOR SIDS:

  • Smoking during pregnancy (3) 
  • Infants exposed to secondhand smoke (3) 
  • Heavy alcohol use during and soon after pregnancy (4) 
  • Positioning infant for sleep on stomach rather than "back to sleep: (5) 
  • Babies put to sleep on their tummies that usually sleep on their backs (6)

References

  1. (2009) CDC National Vital Statistics Report   http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr59/nvsr59_04.pdf
  2. (2009) National SUID/SIDS Resource Center  http://www.sidscenter.org/Statistics.html
  3. (2013) CDC Fact Sheet-Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking-Smoking & Tobacco Use  http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/health_effects/#sids
  4. Seaman, A. (2013) Mom's Drinking Tied to Infant Deaths.  http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/779954
  5. (2011) Pediatrics.  SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: expansion of recommendations for a safe infant sleeping environment   http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2011/10/12/peds.2011-2284
  6. AAP, (2005) The Changing Concept of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Diagnostic Coding Shifts, Controversies Regarding the Sleeping Environment, and New Variables to Consider in Reducing Risk.  Pediatrics  http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/116/5/1245.full

For More Information Contact:
Tina Goodwin BSN, RN
Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health
PO Box 95026
Lincoln, Nebraska 68509-5026

Phone: (402) 471-0165
Fax: (402) 471-7049
email: tina.goodwin@nebraska.gov


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