The Nebraska Quality Rating System Pilot Study
What's a Quality Rating System (QRS)?
Many states are establishing a way of demarking two-five levels of child care quality. Many of them refer to these as “star” systems, similar to how hotels are rated. Most states use ratings based on provider training and education; director training and education (for centers); learning environment; health, safety and nutrition; parent involvement; and administrative practices and policies. Some include licensing criteria. Most consider licensing as “one star” and accreditation as “five stars.”
What's happening with a pilot study QRS in Nebraska?
Nebraska is participating in a five state (with Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Mississippi) pilot in two geographic areas per state (one rural and one urban). Each of the five states develops its own QRS (though they are fairly similar to one another) and researchers from state universities will measure the “star rating” at the beginning of the project and one year later. We will then have data about how a QRS system could be implemented in our state, how training affects star levels and how providers and parents feel about this system.
What are the potential benefits of a QRS?
States use QRS to develop tiered reimbursement for families receiving subsidies. QRS also helps to create a differentiated market so families pay more for higher levels of quality they seek. Eventually, a QRS gives parents information about quality so they can find the quality they seek.
Who decided what was included in a Nebraska QRS?
A team of representatives from NE Department of Education, Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), NeEYC, Regional Training Center, Regional Training Projects, family and center-based providers, and researchers have been working on the pilot document for the Nebraska QRS. We assume that providers who participate in the pilot will have further comments. We have drawn from QRS from other states.
What are the benefits for providers who participate in the pilot study?
- During the pilot study, participating providers can help shape how the QRS might play out in Nebraska. Your feedback will be vital to how we think about QRS in Nebraska!
- Participating providers will be reimbursed for observations and interviews.
- Providers can apply for quality improvement grants to move from one star level to another (DHHS).
- QRS can help providers define what small steps towards higher start levels of quality look like.
- Another possibility is that the state will adopt a tiered reimbursement strategy (now there are three tiers for unregulated, licensed and accredited for different market rates) so higher level quality will pay off in higher payments.
- Providers participating will have documentation for rate changes (e.g., stars).
- Providers working hard to develop a quality program have a way to be recognized.
Who can participate in the pilot study?
Any center and home provider in two regions of Nebraska—a 10-county NE Nebraska rural area including Wayne, Thurston, Madison, Stanton, Cuming, Burt, Platte, Polk, Colfax, and Butler or in urban Lincoln/Lancaster County.
When can interested providers sign up? The pilot study began in October of 2005. We selected participating providers (both centers and child care providers). We're still taking names now.
What will participating providers do?
In October or November, there will be baseline observations during your program day (typically morning). There will also be an interview about your background and training experiences to date. A few providers and parents will be invited to participate in in-depth focus groups. There will be payment for each research contribution. Providers will be given feedback about their star levels and in specific areas. A year later, the provider will be visited again for another observation and to record training and changes made during the year.
Who's doing this research?
The pilot is being conducted by the Midwest Child Care Research Consortium, and is funded by the Child Care Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Midwest Research Consortium is a team of researchers and program partners from Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska. Recently, Mississippi joined the team and provided additional resources to enlarge the rural sample, through their National Center for Rural Early Childhood Learning Initiatives. Researchers are from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Iowa State University, Kansas University, University of Missouri-Columbia, and Mississippi State University. The research in Nebraska is reviewed by the University of Nebraska Institutional Review Board.
Who can I talk to about this?
In Lincoln: Tracy Gordon 477-0388, Vickie Heyer, 441-7949, Melody Hobson, 471-0263
In North East Nebraska: Susan Strahm, at the Northeast Regional Training Coalition, 402-287-2061, Kelly VanNess 402-564-0815
Members of the research team, Helen Raikes, 402-483-7278, Carolyn Edwards, 402-472-1673,
Linda Zinke, 402-476-2089, Nebraska Association for the Education of Young Children, Inc., or Jessica LeChere, 1-800-89CHILD or 402-597-2827, Early Childhood Training Center