The Nebraska Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program develops, promotes, and supports systems to ensure all newborns in Nebraska receive hearing screenings, family-centered evaluations, and early intervention as appropriate.
- Childhood deafness is the most common congenital condition in newborns.
- The majority of children who are born deaf or hard of hearing are born to hearing parents.
- In the United States, 33 babies are born deaf or hard of hearing every day.
- There are many different types and degrees of deafness and childhood hearing loss.
- Children as young as one month of age can be fitted with hearing aids.
- Most children who are born deaf or hard of hearing have no other health issues.
- When a child's hearing status is identfied early and early intervention services are started on time, he or she can develop language skills on track with their hearing peers.
- Some babies are born with normal hearing but lose their hearing when they are older.
Childhood deafness is one of the most common birth conditions with an estimated incidence rate of one to three per thousand live births. Before newborn hearing screening, many times childhood deafness was not identified until 2-1/2 to 3 years of age. Left undetected, deafness in infants can negatively impact speech and language acquisition, academic achievement, as well as social and emotional development.
If detected early, the negative effects can be diminished and even eliminated through early intervention. The National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM),reports that detecting and treating childhood deafness at birth for one child saves $420,000 in special education costs by the time that child graduates from high school, and has a lifetime cost of approximately $1 Million per individual.
The NE-EHDI Program is located in the Newborn Screening and Genetics Program, Lifespan Health Services Unit, Division of Public Health, Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services.
An Advisory Committee, compromised of stakeholders representing many disciplines and perspectives, has been active in providing leadership since the implementation of the Infant Hearing Act of 2000.
Newborn hearing screening is the first step in the early hearing detection and intervention process. To ensure that newborns and infants identified as deaf or hard of hearing and begin receiving appropriate and timely high quality services, the Nebraska Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (NE-EHDI) Program has developed goals focusing on newborn hearing screening, diagnostic evaluations, early intervention, medical home, family support, periodic hearing screenings, professional development, program development, EHDI promotion, and data systems.
This project is supported by the Health Resources and
Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services (HHS) under grant number H61MC00065, Universal Newborn Hearing
Screening, $250,000 total award amount. No nongovernmental sources support the
program. This information or content and conclusions are those of the author
and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should
any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.
This project is supported by the by the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) under Cooperative Agreement
Number, 2 NUR3DD000797-06-00, award amount of $150,000. The NE-EHDI Program is 100% financed
with Federal money and no funding is received by nongovernmental sources. Its
contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily
represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
or the Department of Health and Human Services.