Public Health Data Inventory

Decennial Census (Full U.S. Headcount)


The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by the United States Constitution. The population is enumerated every ten years (on years ending in zero—1990, 2000, 2010, etc.) and results are used to allocate Congressional seats (congressional apportionment), electoral votes, and government program funding. The data collected by the decennial census determine the number of seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives and is also used to distribute billions in federal funds to local communities.

Type of Data

The data from the decennial census are for ongoing surveillance. The Census Bureau also provides some estimates of the total population and demographics (age, gender, race/ethnicity, etc.) in non-decennial census years since decennial census data can become dated in the mid-to-late part of the decade.

Data Collection Method and Availability

Most of the households return their census forms by mail; the remaining households were counted by census workers walking neighborhoods throughout the United States.

Related Links and Reports

U.S. Census Bureau Home Page

Nebraska State Data Center

Data Contact

Center for Public Affairs Research
University of Nebraska at Omaha
6001 Dodge Street
Omaha, NE 68182
Phone: (402) 554-2132


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