|Immigrant - A person who voluntarily leaves his/her country to work, study, or live in another country. Immigrants aren’t eligible to receive benefits or services from the Refugee Resettlement Program. |
Refugee - Any person who’s outside his or her country of nationality and who’s unable or unwilling to return to that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof must be based on the person’s race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. People with no nationality must generally be outside their country of last habitual residence to qualify as a refugee. Refugees are subject to ceilings by geographic area set annually by the President in consultation with Congress and are eligible to adjust to lawful permanent resident status after one year of continuous presence in the United States.
Asylee – A person in the United States or at a port of entry who’s unable or unwilling to return to his or her country of nationality, or to seek the protection of that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof must be based on the person’s race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. For persons with no nationality, the country of nationality is considered to be the country in which the person last habitually resided. Asylees are eligible to adjust to lawful permanent resident status after one year of continuous presence in the United States. These immigrants are limited to 10,000 adjustments per fiscal year.
Amerasian – A person born in Vietnam after January 1, 1962, and before January 1, 1976 and whose father is a U.S. citizen.
Cuban/Haitian Entrant - Status accorded 1) Cubans who entered illegally or were paroled into the United States between April 15, 1980, and October 10, 1980, and 2) Haitians who entered illegally or were paroled into the country before January 1, 1981. Cubans and Haitians meeting these criteria who have continuously resided in the United States since before January 1, 1982, and who were known to Immigration before that date, may adjust to permanent residence under a provision of the Immigration Control and Reform Act of 1986.
Secondary Migrant - A refugee who has lived in the U.S. for three years or less and has moved to another state.
Victims of Severe Forms of Trafficking - A child victim is a person under 18 who’s been subjected to a severe form of trafficking and an adult victim is a person 18 or over who’s been subjected to a severe form of trafficking and has been certified by Health and Human Services. To receive a certification, an adult must be willing to assist with a trafficking case AND must have made a bona fide application for a T visa or be a person whose continued presence the Attorney General is ensuring to help a prosecution.
Severe form of trafficking
- sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act is not 18 years old; or
- the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery