Child Support Enforcement
What Services Does Child Support Enforcement Provide?
- Locating parents;
- Establishing paternity;
- Establishing and modifying a child or medical support order; and
- Enforcing child, spousal and medical support orders.
The first step in providing services is to locate both parents. The most helpful tool in locating parents is information provided by you. Child Support Enforcement can often find parents by:
- Using the parent’s Social Security number;
- Calling friends and family;
- Contacting the Post Office;
- Contacting employers;
- Checking credit records; and
- Contacting other states.
Establishing paternity is the legal term for determining the biological father of the child. If a father is not listed on the birth certificate, legal paternity must be established.
Hospital Paternity Program
Acknowledgment of Paternity Forms are available at hospitals and can be completed at the time of the child's birth. The first step in establishing a child’s paternity is completion of this form by the biological parents, which may be used as evidence in establishing a court order.
How Genetic Tests Work
Genetic testing is another method used in determining a child's paternity. The mother, child, and alleged father will be tested, which can take place in the child support office, hospital or clinic.
Establishing or Modifying Child or Medical Support Order
Establishing an Order
To create a support order, the child support agency needs some basic information, such as:
· Names of parents and children;
· Social Security numbers;
· Phone numbers; and
· Income of parents.
The child support attorney will use the information to decide if a court action is needed. The court may issue a support order.
When Parents Live in Different States
If one parent lives in a different state, Child Support will work with the other state to create or change a support order.
Modifying an order
There may be times when the amount of support ordered should be changed. Child Support Enforcement may review a support order once every three years. When a case is reviewed, the support ordered amount may stay the same, increase, or decrease.
To apply for a Review and Modification:
Complete the R&M Web Application, or
Contact the Nebraska Child Support Customer Service Center at
1-877-631-9973, Option 2, to request a paper application.
After the review is complete, the case is sent to the local attorney. The attorney will decide if the case should go to court. The court makes the final decision if the support order will be changed.
Enforcing Child, Spousal and Medical Support Orders
These and other enforcement methods may be used. The most common methods are:
- Income withholding;
- Credit reporting;
- License suspension;
- Tax refund intercept;
- Passport denial; and
- Court enforcement
Income withholding is the most effective way to collect child support. Money is taken directly out of the parent’s paycheck.
Past due support over $500 will be reported to the credit agency.
If more than three months of past due support is owed these licenses may be suspended:
· Driver's (except CDL);
· Recreational (hunting, fishing); and
Federal Tax Refund Intercept
A parent’s federal tax refund may be taken if a case is three months behind and more than $500 of past due support is owed.
State Tax Refund Intercept
A parent’s state tax refund may be taken if more than $150 of past due support is owed.
A parent's passport may be withheld when more than $2,500 of past due support is owed. Once a parent's passport is withheld, Nebraska regulation requires the parent to pay the balance to zero to have the passport released.
The courts may also enforce using many different methods such as:
· Payment plan;
· Fine; and
· Jail time