AREA PROFILE HIGHLIGHTS--2005
Central Service Area
· Please note that some of the data discussed in the “Highlights” are either not available by county or the number of cases or respondents is too small to permit meaningful analysis. For these data elements, Service Area or other multi-county data have been presented and noted in the Profile. Further details are available in the “2005 County Profiles Definitions and Data Sources” document.
· In the area, 15.9% of residents are aged 65 or older, according to the 2004 U.S. Census Estimates. Statewide, 13.3% of the population are 65 or older.
· The proportion of area residents who were under age 18 was 25.0%, compared to the Nebraska average of 25.5% in 2004.
· Racial and ethnic minority residents made up 9.0% of the population of the area, compared to 14.3% statewide in 2004. Hispanic Americans account for 7.0% of the total population of the area, while Asian Americans account for 0.9%.
· The proportion of single-parent families in this area has increased since 1990, as it has statewide. In 2000, 10.6% of the area households were single-parent families, compared to an average of 12.4% for Nebraska.
· In the area, the proportion of single-parent families was higher among African Americans (15.3%), Native Americans (24.2%), Hispanic Americans (18.2%) and Asian Americans (12.0%) than it was among whites (7.0%).
· Overall, 14.1% of area residents aged 25 years or older have less than a high school education, compared to 13.4% statewide.
· The proportion of area residents in this age group that had not completed high school was higher among Hispanic Americans (57.6%), Asian Americans (35.5%), Native Americans (23.8%), and African Americans (22.5%) than it was among whites (12.8%).
· The proportion of area residents living in households with incomes below 100% of the federally-defined poverty level was 11.0% in 2002, above the average of 10.0% for Nebraska.
· The proportion of residents living in poverty was generally higher for racial/ethnic minority groups than it was for whites (10.3%) in the area, with African Americans (29.0%), Native Americans (21.7%) and Hispanic Americans (24.9%) experiencing the highest poverty rates, according to the 2000 U.S. Census.
· The proportion of seventh- to twelfth-graders in the area who dropped out of school during the 2003-2004 school year was 1.5%, compared to 1.9% statewide.
· Overall, 10.0% of first births in this area occurred to unmarried women under age 20 with less than a high school education. This rate of “new families at risk” is higher than the Nebraska average of 9.0% of first births in 2000-2004.
· The proportion of new families at risk in the area was higher among Hispanic Americans (27.2%).
· The arrest rate for all crime in the area in 2004 (48.5 arrests per 1,000 population) was 10.5% lower than the overall rate for Nebraska (54.2). The arrest rate for juveniles under age 18 (25.6) was lower than the statewide rate (33.3).
· In an average month in 2004, 698 area children were in out-of-home care (that is, foster care, group homes or other residential care facilities).
· The agencies serving domestic violence victims in the area handled 11,996 crisis calls and served 3,744 new contacts in FY 2000.
· The overall death rate in the area (762.7 deaths per 100,000 population) was lower than the state average (789.1) for 2000-2004.
· The heart disease death rate for the area (211.2 deaths per 100,000 population) was slightly higher than the Nebraska rate (205.1).
· The cancer death rate for the area (171.6) was 5.7% lower than the Nebraska rate (182.0), but was 16.7% higher than the state’s Healthy People 2010 objective of no more than 147.0 cancer deaths per 100,000 population.
· The rate of deaths due to cerebrovascular disease (stroke) in the area (52.0) was 3.7% below the statewide rate (54.0), and was 9.7% higher than Nebraska’s 2010 objective for reducing deaths due to stroke (47.4).
· The unintentional injury death rate in the area (41.2) was 9.6% higher than the statewide rate (37.6) and was more than double the Nebraska 2010 objective for reducing deaths due to this cause (19.4).
· The motor vehicle death rate (20.1) was 21.1% higher than the Nebraska rate (16.6) and 75.8% higher than the state’s Healthy People 2010 target for reducing these deaths (12.0).
· The rate of deaths due to chronic lung disease in the area (34.8) was 11.7% lower than the Nebraska rate (39.4).
· The suicide death rate in the area (8.9) was 16.8% below the state rate (10.7), but was only 8.5% higher than Nebraska’s target rate for 2010 (8.2).
· The diabetes-related death rate in this area (69.2) was about 4.7% lower than the state rate (72.6), but was 2.8 times as high as the Nebraska 2010 objective for these deaths (25).
· There were 1,820 tobacco-related deaths and 451 alcohol-related deaths recorded in the area in 2000-2004.
· There were 5,982 new cases of cancer reported in the area during the five-year period 1999-2003, resulting in a rate (468.5 cases per 100,000 population) that was slightly lower than the statewide rate (474.2).
· The hospitalization rate for the area residents (11,220 hospital discharges per 100,000 population) was 14.1% higher than the Nebraska rate (9,837). Area residents were at least 26% more likely than people in Nebraska overall to be hospitalized for pneumonia, heart disease, and genitourinary diseases. They were at least 26% less likely to be hospitalized for poisoning and self-inflicted injury than Nebraska overall in 2003-2004.
· Compared to the state overall (36.5%), Medicare was the expected payer for a larger share of hospitalizations of area residents (47.6%) in 2003-2004.
· Incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the area (219.8 reported cases per 100,000 population) was much lower than the rate for the state (424.4) in 2004.
· Based on prevalence estimates supplied by the Alzheimer’s Association, it is estimated that 6,907 persons aged 65 and older in the area had senile dementia in 2004.
MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
· There were 104 deaths of infants under one year of age in the area during the five-year period 2000-2004, resulting in an infant mortality rate of 7.1 per 1,000 live births. This rate is 8% higher than the Nebraska rate (6.6) and is 58% higher than the Nebraska 2010 objective of no more than 4.5 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.
· The rate of low weight births (babies weighing less than 2,500 grams at birth) in the area (63.3 per 1,000 live births) was 9.6% lower than the Nebraska rate of 69.4. The area rate was 26.6% higher than the Nebraska 2010 target rate of 50.0 low weight births per 1,000.
· In this area, births to adolescent girls aged 10 to 17 accounted for 2.8% of all births in 2000-2004. This was near the statewide average of 2.9%. In the area, 6.4% of all Hispanic American births occurred to girls under age 18.
· An average of 14.9% of area women giving birth during the five-year period 2000-2004 reported smoking cigarettes during this pregnancy, compared to the state average of 14.1% of women giving birth. The Nebraska 2010 objective is to reduce this proportion to 2.0% or less.
· Pregnant women in this area were less likely than Nebraska women overall to begin receiving prenatal care in the first three months of pregnancy (80.2% vs. 83.2% statewide) in 2000-2004. Native American (62.0%), Hispanic American (60.9%), and African American (52.7%) women were much less likely than white women (81.6%) in the area to receive first trimester care. The Nebraska objective for the year 2010 is to have 90.0% of all pregnant women begin receiving prenatal care in their first trimester.
· Results of an immunization survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that 82.4% of Nebraska children aged 19 to 35 months were up-to-date on immunizations with all five recommended vaccines in 2004. The current Nebraska objective is to have at least 90% of all children in this age group appropriately immunized.
RISK FACTOR PREVALENCE
· Twenty-four percent of adults in the Central Service Area reported heights and weights that placed them in the obese category (Body Mass Index = 30 or higher). The Nebraska 2010 objective is to reduce this proportion to no more than 15%.
· The proportion of adults who said they had not participated in any leisure-time physical activity in the previous month was 26.7% in the area and 25.0% statewide. These rates are much larger than the state’s 2010 target rate of no more than 15% of adults who are physically inactive.
· Adults in the area (19.9%) were somewhat less likely than Nebraska adults overall (21.1%) to state that they are current smokers. The Nebraska 2010 objective is to reduce the proportion of adults currently smoking cigarettes to no more than 12%.
· The proportion of adults reporting they have no health insurance was 13.5% in the area and 11.9% statewide.
· Nearly one in ten adults in the area (9.5%) and 8.4% statewide reported that there had been a time in the past 12 months when they were unable to see a doctor for needed care due to the potential cost of services. The Nebraska 2010 target is to reduce this proportion to no more than 4% of adults.
· Prevalence of screening for breast cancer was slightly lower in the area than it was in the state overall. Nearly three out of four women aged 40 and older in this area (74.6%) reported having a mammogram in the past two years, compared to 75.5% statewide.
· About two-thirds of the adults aged 65 and older in the area (71.7%) and 71.5% statewide had a flu shot in the past 12 months. A smaller proportion of these adults reported ever having been vaccinated for pneumonia (65.8% vs. 63.2% statewide) in 2000-2004. The Nebraska 2010 objectives for these adult immunizations have been set at 90%.
· Based on results of the 2000-2004 Nebraska Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, African Americans report higher prevalence of obesity (34% vs. 23%), no leisure-time physical activity (34% vs. 25%), and cigarette smoking (27% vs. 23%) than white BRFSS respondents. African Americans were also more likely to say they have no health insurance (20% vs. 11%) or could not afford to see a physician at some time during the past 12 months (17% vs. 9%).
· Native Americans report a much higher prevalence of cigarette smoking (44% vs. 23%) than white persons in Nebraska do, and they were more likely to be physically inactive (29% vs. 25%) or obese (39% vs. 23%). They were more likely to report having no health insurance (27% vs. 11%) and to say there had been a time during the past 12 months when they could not afford to see to a doctor (21% vs. 9%).
· Asian Americans in Nebraska were less likely than white persons in the state to be obese (11% vs. 23%). Like other members of racial and ethnic minority groups, a greater proportion of Asian Americans reported having no health insurance (14% vs. 11%).
· Compared to non-Hispanic white persons in Nebraska, a greater proportion of Hispanic Americans stated they had not participated in any leisure-time physical activity in the previous month (44% vs. 25%). They were also more likely to have no health insurance (25% vs. 11%) and to be unable to afford to see a physician at least once in the past 12 months (17% vs. 9%).
· According to the 2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, Nebraska high school students are more likely than their counterparts nationwide to drink and drive and ride in a motor vehicle with a drinking driver. However, they were less likely to have ever used marijuana or to have used it, or tobacco, in the past 30 days.
· Of all children under age 6 years whose blood lead levels were tested, 172 (3.8%) were found to have elevated levels of lead in 2002-2004 vs. 3.3% statewide (1,846 tests elevated).
· Of the persons receiving their drinking water from 271 municipal water systems or rural water districts in the area, 1.7% received water containing excessive levels of nitrate (>10 ppm) from results sampled in 2000-2004.
· Of the 114 community water systems sampled, nine supplied an adequate level of fluoride in the drinking water in 2004. Only 24.4% of the people served by community water systems drink water with an adequate fluoride level.
· Of all area children under age 6 years whose blood lead levels were tested, 172 (3.8%) were found to have elevated levels of lead in 2002-2004 vs. 3.3% statewide (1,846 tests elevated).
AVAILABILITY OF SERVICES
· A total of 153 primary care physicians (95 GP/FP’s, 29 IM’s, 15 pediatricians, and 14 OB/GYN’s) were in practice in the area in 2003. There were also 11 psychiatrists, 44 physician assistants, and 38 nurse practitioners practicing in the area. In addition, 119 dentists were in practice in the area in 2003.
SERVICE UTILIZATION DATA
· Children make up the greatest share of the Medicaid eligible population in the area (66.6%).
· Medicaid expenditures for aged persons comprise 34.0% of the total in this area, compared to 29.4% statewide. ADC recipients (both children and adults) account for 33.3% of all Medicaid expenditures in the area, while blind and disabled recipients account for the remaining 32.7% of total expenditures.
· Medicaid fee-for-service expenditures (79.1%) comprised the greatest share of the total in the area, as they did statewide (75.8%) in FY 2003.
· Fee-for-service payments to nursing facilities made up 23.2% of total Medicaid expenditures in the area. Hospital services accounted for 24.3% and prescribed drugs comprised 15.9% of the total.
· In FY 2004, a monthly average of 1,291 families received Aid to Dependent Children benefits and 13,001 persons participated in the Food Stamp Program in the area.
· In 2004, 9,762 women, infants and children from this area participated in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).
· A total of 3,078 beds in nursing homes and hospital long-term care facilities were licensed in the area in 2004, with an occupancy rate of 82.3%.
· In this area in 2004, 6.5% of residents aged 65 and older lived in nursing homes, compared to 5.5% for the state.