West Nile virus is a disease that infected mosquitoes can spread. The best ways to defend yourself:
DEET Fact Sheet
Homeowner's Guide to Mosquito Control
Here are some preventive steps to take around your home.
Several habitats found on farms can support the production of mosquitoes. Mosquito larvae can develop in places like:
Having livestock, nuisance animals (such as birds) and other animals close to mosquito-breeding sites increases the risk for the spread of disease in animals and humans.
There are many ways to get rid of mosquito breeding areas on farms. Examples below:
If you cannot get rid of all the areas where mosquitoes can breed, larvicide is the most effective control technique. Several larvicides are well suited for farms, including:
A private citizen is able to purchase and apply a general use pesticide product for their private use. This includes any larvicide for general use.
Applicators who apply pesticides for general or restricted use to control disease vectors (mosquitoes) for political subdivisions must have a license. This interpretation does not apply to a private individual who applies pesticide for their personal use.
An applicator can help you choose the best product for your situation and determine what type of control activities to conduct.
EPA - Pesticides and Mosquito Control (link)
Plants that treat wastewater provide good breeding sites for mosquitoes. The nutrient-rich water in polishing ponds is an ideal breeding area for mosquitoes known to carry West Nile virus.
There are many ways to get rid of mosquito-breeding areas at wastewater treatment plants. Examples include:
If you cannot eliminate all the areas where mosquitoes can breed, applying larvicide is the most effective control technique. Several larvicides are well suited for farms, including:
Only certified pesticide applicators can apply these larvicides. An applicator can help you choose the best product for your situation and determine what type of control activities to conduct.
Piles of tires piles provide suitable areas for mosquitoes to breed, including those who carry West Nile virus. When water accumulates in discarded tires, they become attractive sites for mosquitoes to lay their eggs.
During the course of one season, just one tire can be a breeding site for thousands of mosquitoes. Transporting tires infested with mosquito eggs, larvae, or pupae increases the risk of spreading mosquito populations.
If there is a tire pile on your property, make sure that it does not create a nuisance. There are many ways to avoid mosquito breeding in tire piles.
Dispose of standing water in the tires. You can do this by properly storing tires under a tarp. Make sure that rainwater does not accumulate.
If you cannot get rid of all the areas where mosquitoes can breed, larvicide is the most effective control technique. Several larvicides are well suited, including:
Building codes adopted by local governments can play a key role in the fight against West Nile virus and other mosquito-borne diseases. The International Code Council's International Property Maintenance Code (IPMC) can help local officials enforce the cleanup of existing properties and combat the spread of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne viruses.
The IPMC has sections that directly address eliminating mosquito-breeding areas or preventing mosquitoes from entering buildings. It requires that property owners maintain vacant land "so as not to cause a blighting problem or adversely affect the public health or safety."
The IPMC contains a sample ordinance and administrative provisions. These can help in the adoption and enforcement processes.